I have also been disappointed at the local farmers’ market. Letter of Paul to the Romans . ὡς ἐπαναμιμνήσκων ὑμᾶς: here only in N.T. the resurrection is explicit in the first eight chapters as our means of becoming like him. But i think the most important thing that came from this completed and giant work from Paul was that we have his theology! God can use Paul’s story to help others, but we all still have our own story. Paul follows his introduction with a flattering greeting to the Roman church, and expresses his desire to preach in Rome someday. The last several chapters in Romans are practical applications of this teaching on righteousness. Why did Paul write Romans? The last statement is the most commonly used reason as to why Paul wrote Romans: “But it is possible he was motivated to write the letter because he was moving into a new stage of his apostolic ministry rather than to meet some pastoral need in the church.” Some may argue that Paul was writing the book of Romans simply to meet a pastoral need or to address certain issues within the church that needed attention, but I personally believe that Paul was to continue his calling from God and move toward a new stage, to reach others (Gentiles) for Christ. Technically you could say it was Tertius who wrote Romans, because it was his hands that did the writing. It has also been suggested that this letter may be in response to misconceptions and inaccuracies about Paul’s own teachings (Moo, 47). Paul was trying to impress upon them, that despite their unease in regards to each other, or despite the things they were doing, with the help of his letter they would see what God wanted them to be doing, and hopefully become a unified body in trying to honor the Lord. First, Paul was writing to the Romans, who were not ignorant of evil government. The one who eats, eats in honor of the Lord, since he gives thanks to God, while the one who abstains, abstains in honor of the Lord and gives thanks to God. In Romans, the practical applications are living a sacrificial life (12:1-8), loving one another in practical ways (12:9-21) and submitting to one another in love (13-15:13). Since Spain was farther away he was going to need more help than his usual Macedonian churches were able to support him for. All rights reserved. Change ). Paul wrote this letter about 56 A.D. when he was in the city of Corinth. Romans 16:22 indicates that Paul used a man named Tertius to transcribe his words. This is like other Pauline churches, but it is not clear Gentiles in the Roman church had rejected the Jewish Law. Epaphras was a deeply spiritual man (Col. 4:12-13), an obvious source of strength to Paul. by Jared Compton. Expounding in particular at the theological points he is trying to get across we can get a better picture at the Roman audience he is likely trying to reach. Moo, Douglas J. Encountering the Book of Romans: A Theological Survey. However, in Romans it doesn’t appear to me that is the case. Romans, in this regard and others, presents many puzzles. Unlike Galatians and Colossians Paul did not write in response to any crisis, but wrote to express his love and appreciation to the believers in the church there. I understand that these all could have been reasons or just one of them could have been the main reason that this letter was written and I just find it strange there was no truly established reason behind it written down from Paul. The book of Romans is probably the closest thing in the Bible to a systematic theology. Romans 14-15 is unclear on who the weak and strong are and vague about the actually issues at stake. This is also stated by Paul in Romans 15:23-29. Why did Paul write Romans? Vendors display their tomatoes in neatly piled little boxes virtually overflowi… I personally think that it can be dangerous to get caught up in trying to figure out the exact reason behind why Paul did the things that he did, because we could drift away from the bigger picture. I think that Paul wrote it to continue the beliefs of the Roman people and to teach them things that he felt they needed to know that definitely have continued to play an important role in Christian practices and beliefs today. If all Christians have already yielded to Christ's lordship, why did Paul write Romans 12:1-2, commanding believers to make a once-for-all surrender? I also find it strange that we don’t even know the true reason why he wrote this letter on account of all the other letters have some sort of occasion for writing. This appears to be deliberate omission on Luke’s part (latter part of Acts), perhaps because things DID remain as unresolved tensions after Paul’s rescue, arrest, and removal from the city by Rome’s army. I could see most of the Christian Gentiles who took over these churches when the Jews left to have respect for these customs and practices. Acts 2 records that there were people from Crete present on the Day of Pentecost when the Holy Spirit was first poured out on the church in Jerusalem by the risen Lord Jesus Christ (Acts 2:11). I meant no disparagement in your hard work. He thanked God and commended them for their partnership and work in proclaiming the Gospel (1: 3-4; ) More than the other churches Paul had founded, Philippi offered Paul material and spiritual support for his ministry … If all Christians have already yielded to Christ's lordship, why did Paul write Romans 12:1-2, commanding believers to make a once-for-all surrender? I have always thought of Romans as a letter Paul was using to address multiple situations. To make a distinction, consider the book of First Corinthians. While I’m not sure one is the main reason, I believe they are more of equal reasons. The apostle greeted twenty-six different people by name, personalizing a letter from a man who would have been a personal stranger to most of the recipients. He even acknowledges he wrote down what Paul was dictating. 16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: In several of his letters he presents a deep theological truth, followed by practical applications. B. Paul was interested in the Roman church, and intended to come … He also realises that he has made this promise before, without fulfilling it, so in verse 13, Paul admits as much. This can be said to be the reason the Roman church Paul is writing to is a mixture of both, because when the Jews were allowed to come back to Rome- the Gentiles were leading the churches that the Jews were forced to leave. In other words, the letter was intended all along to be a letter to all the churches. Daniel 1:8-16 - What was Wrong with the King’s Food? There is also a Q and A I did with Orlando and link to a recorded interview with Ron Way who interviews many religious authors. If I don’t know what they believe or where they come from, it makes it harder to say something that is relevant to them. (Romans 7:23) “But now it is no longer I who do it but sin that dwells in me.” Romans 7:17. Paul always addressed all matters that he had either witnessed, or heard about, that differed from the gospel teachings of Jesus, he always countered any false teachings (or false gospels). I think that the Jewish population was so prominent in Rome and such a loud example to the Roman empire that they were feeling threatened. This book is so foundational to what we believe. ( Log Out /  As THE apostle to the Gentiles, therefore, this is Paul’s responsibility. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Romans 12:1-2 is the transition to the last major segment of this Epistle to the Romans. It seems to revolve primarily around Paul’s years-long, major project of building up a large collection for believers in Jerusalem. In his letter Paul expresses his desire to visit Rome to see his Christian brothers and sisters, and to preach to the Gentiles in the city. The first idea is that Paul is making sure that the Roman church knows exactly what Christianity entails and he’s making sure the information is coming from an apostle. There may be some general Jew and Gentile conflict due to practical differences, but that is common for most churches at this time. This is just my opinion, an unvarnished country preacher who strives to live by faith and the Word. We can notice the richness of his theologies in Romans, as a result, is quite difficult to grasp the theological concepts behind Romans. … What are the potential for today? It would be out of character, I think, for Paul to suddenly ignore that situation. 9 For to this end Christ died and lived again, that he might be Lord both of the dead and of the living,” (ESV). See George Smiga, “Romans 12:1-2 and 15:30-32 and the Occasion of the Letter to the Romans… Did Paul write other letters? Indeed, his mention of it in Romans… his grave concerns… is significant. We know that there is a Jewish community of messianic Jews as well as gentiles trying to abolish the law. Most commentators believe that with Romans, although the letter is addressed to the church in Rome, it is a general epistle. I.e. Based off the letter, it clearly seems like there was some strain between Gentile Christians and Jewish Christians living in Rome at that time, and as Paul addressed other churches before about the same issues, he of course continued to do so in this letter. And that he was intent on delivering it in person! Here's what Paul wrote: I urge you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship. Romans, then was “designed to win over the audience to Paul’s gospel, to support his mission in Spain, to draw Jewish and Gentile Christians in Rome closer together, to strengthen them in the faith despite the periods of Roman culture, and to encourage his audience to identify with the apostle to the Gentiles as he goes to Jerusalem.” (11–12) It’s not Peter’s responsibility; it’s not a Jewish church. It’s interesting to read the many reasons Paul could’ve written Romans. Moo states, “Paul is, in effect, asking if he can come to Rome, show his slides, and pass the offering plate for the new missionary endeavor.” Yes, Paul was in a new stage of his ministry, but he needed help. Perhaps you mean , “What are the practical applications for today?” I would say that the practical applications are found principally in chapters 12-15. Moreover, about a decade after he wrote this chapter, Paul was executed at the hands of this particular government under Emperor Nero (~AD 67). REASONS WHY PAUL WROTE ROMANS: A. Paul planned to do missionary work in Spain (15:24,28) and thus visit the Romans for prayer and financial support. The specific purpose of the letter was to describe the doctrine of salvation through the death of Jesus and through faith in the blood of Jesus. Paul’s role as an apostle was to build churches which he did on his missionary journeys. At the base of all of this discussion (for me) is the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, so I agree. The book of Romans is unique among all of Paul’s epistles. As previously mentioned, Paul writes in Romans 15:24 “I plan to do so when I go to Spain. Here's what Paul wrote: I urge you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship. There has always been a division amongst the Jews and the Gentiles (those who are non-Jews) for many social and religious reasons. | A disciple's study, Recommended Reading: September 17 | Pursuing Veritas, Why does Paul ask so many questions in the book of Romans? . Such a ministry was designed to make them obedient to the gospel and, thereby, to further gospel mission in Rome and further afield. Gillian. One additional factor is fact Paul’s letters are all written in some historical and social context. John Stevens . - Revelation 13:16-18. What are the potential for today? Roman Gentile Christians do not seem to have struggled with Judaizers like the Galatia Christians did. He explains how he has been delayed in the past becau… Fifth, it is also possible Paul wanted the Roman Christians to hear his gospel in order to draw them “apostolic orbit” (Kruse, Romans, 8). What is the Mark of the Beast? “But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.” (Romans 5:8). Paul’s letter to the Romans has been well-served by Reformed and evangelical commentaries. ... Romans 13:12: " 12 … That would help explain why Romans is so chalk full of doctrine. You can see how God has worked through Paul to create this body of work that has become a staple to the Christian faith, even today. What if I were to offend them? Why do Christians say that the earth was created 6000 years ago? Why did Paul write the book of Romans? Should we expect a scientific explanation of Genesis 1, or is it just poetry. Why did Paul write Romans? What if I completely misread them? Paul wrote while on a missionary journey in Corinth. I love this simple reply, shows where a man’s heart and focus are. I also think that it can be up for interpretations because God can use many different reasons for many different lives. I think Paul wrote Romans for countless amount of reasons. Since the churches in Rome were not started by Paul, and he hasn’t visited them, they might not know Paul, or his own personal theology. It is interesting to see the possibilities of why Paul could have written the letter to the Romans. Can you respond to a video I found from a guy who claims to totally disprove the teleological/watchmaker argument? Two thousand years on we’re still sifting it to find the deeper truths within. Paul adds to this and says that the one who is righteous by faith shall live . (The end of Paul’s letter to the Romans, written in Corinth, mentions another local politician, Erastus.) The same word that is translated "diligence", or "business", in Romans 12:11 is used in II Peter 3:11-12 in verb form and is translated "hasten". The letter has been intensely studied since early Christian times and was the basis of Martin Luther ’s teaching on justification by faith alone. Unlike most of Paul’s letters, the occasion for the letter is not obvious. This view is backed by Romans 15:24, where Paul explains how he is looking forward to seeing the Roman believers on his way to Spain, and that he hopes that they will “assist me on my journey there.” This view seems plausible to me as I think about how missionaries normally go about raising support today: they contact other churches, travel to them, and share with them their mission, hoping that others will catch the vision that they are portraying. And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is … But it is the same word used in Romans 12:8 where Paul said, "he who leads" should do so "with diligence." Date of Writing: The Book of Romans was likely written A.D. 56-58. It was probably composed at Corinth in about 57 and was addressed to the Christian church at Rome, whose congregation Paul hoped to visit for the first time. It was not just an introduction of who Paul was, nor just an update about his soon-to-be arrival in Jerusalem, nor was it just a way to alleviate conflicts and concerns. Therefore, the question of why could be subjective rather than objective depending on how we study and read Romans. I think Romans 14:6-9, “6 The one who observes the day, observes it in honor of the Lord. My Muslim and Hindu friends ask me to explain why God told Hosea to marry a prostitute. The context of Romans 13 is the persecution of Christians (Rom. Nor is there evidence of Judaizers in Rome. Print. Purpose of Writing: As with all Paul’s epistles to the churches, his purpose in writing was to proclaim the glory of the Lord Jesus Christ by teaching … if you do not understand the situation in the background of Philemon, for example, is it possible to fully understand that letter? Copyright ® 2021 Evidence for Christianity. Chapter 12 marks the transition in that epistle from the apostle Paul’s theological teaching to his practical teaching. It was the center of Civilization, the pinnacle of the world. How is it applicable today? Learn how your comment data is processed. Moo agrees with this point in our textbook as seen on page 47, ” We further noted that Paul hopes to receive some support from the Roman Christians for the work in Spain”. Romans 12:1 does with temple worship, in other words, what 2:25-29 did with circumcision” (Wright, 704). I find it interesting as to why Paul would write a letter to people he had never met, so he may not of been fully aware of what these people needed to hear. He may have seen Rome as not only another place to make sure that the Gospel was taught correctly, but also a place he knew that there would be many people, which could have meant a great deal of support for his journey onward to reach others with the same message. The importance of Paul’s collection is seriously underplayed or merely overlooked by many pastors, teachers and scholars. I do not think it would be one or the other, but more of a combination of both. However, a natural result of this salvation is to live a life pleasing to God. and finding satisfying theological explanations of the gospel to live by while sifting. This raises the question: Why did Paul write more on this subject to the Roman church? Paul just wanted to reach the people God was calling him to reach. Paul wanted to remind the church of God’s good news, but before could go to the good news, he first had to point out the bad news. Also the pure fact that this letter is so influential in faith currently and so important to the Christian faith and theological arguments that it is even more strange there was never an occasion named. What makes you write “the resurrection of Jesus, for example” as something missing in Romans? Apparently, Paul’s knowledge of certain problems in Colossae was conveyed by Epaphras, which motivated the apostle to write his epistle to this church (Col. 1:7-8). I hope to see you while passing through and to have you assist me on my journey there, after I have enjoyed your company for a while.” The way to Spain is through Rome. As you study through the book of Romans, and particularly chapter 12 and following, it is important to note that salvation is through God’s grace and not our works. This was common in that day and it was Tertius who wrote down what Paul dictated to him. In summary, any of these suggestions (or a combination of them) could explain why Paul wrote the letter to the Roman church. How is it applicable today? One could assume that it was by the Holy Spirit, that God spoke through Paul’s letter in Romans. Because of the love and sacrifice of Jesus, we ought to live sacrificial lives as well (Ch 12), devoting our talents and energy to serve one another (also Ch 12) and finding ways to use love to make a difference in this world (also Ch 12). I am afraid I also do not understand this question. Who Are the Seven Angels in Revelation 8:2? Romans 16:22 indicates that Paul used a man named Tertius to transcribe his words. Romans 12:2 KJV. Therefore, the gentiles were bystanders of these Jews and their religious practices. How is it applicable today? They must have been a huge presence within Romes society. Where would we be if Luther hadn’t taken up the things he read in Romans to charge the Church of his time? What was Paul's purpose for writing Romans? What was the pleasues soughted? If he had not known about it, it would not have been in the letter. And this is his gospel which he develops throughout Romans. ἀπὸ μέρους: the description does not apply to the letter as a whole, but only to parts of it: Gifford refers to Romans 6:12-21, Romans 11:17 ff., Romans 12:3, and especially chap. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2002. It doesn’t come as a surprise then that Rome was on Paul’s list. Why Did Paul Write the Letter to the Romans? Interesting issues. If he was indeed THE apostle to the Gentiles, then here is a church out in Rome that falls under his leadership, his area of responsibility. Unlike Galatia, it is possible the only Gentile converts in Rome were God Fearing Gentiles and quite happy with most Jewish practices. For Paul, this aid is not just about alleviating material suffering. Animal sacrifices were holy, because they required taking something precious (a life) and offering it to God. The principles stressed are righteousness through faith in the blood of Jesus. Romans TRANSFIGURATION Romans 12:2. ( Log Out /  If all Christians have already yielded to Christ's lordship, why did Paul write Romans 12:1-2, commanding believers to make a once-for-all surrender? In any case, it provides an introduction so that they will all ready be familiar with him when he eventually comes to them. Fourth, it is possible Paul did not consider the Roman Christians to have been “evangelized” yet. but I think the HS works within Paul’s circumstances to produce the letters, so Galatians has a particular situation which prompted Paul to write that letter, the same is true for 1-2 Corinthians, or any other letter for that matter. The question of why did Pual write Romans bring a challenge, because Paul does not tell us why he writes the letter. Paul as you said could have had many different reasons for writing to the Romans, but it also clear that he says he is writing to them as he looks to go to Jerusalem, and then onward to Spain to further his ministry to the world (Romans 15:24). The first being that Paul was seeking their support in assisting him on his journey to spread the gospel in Spain. Chapters 13-15 are all about submitting our will and desire to the authorities of our society and to the needs, both practical and spiritual of our brothers and sisters and of others as well. Paul wrote in Romans 1:18, ... letter may have been included to assure the leaders of the Roman faith community that in his promised future visit Paul did not intend to cause discord by inciting the community to disobedience against Roman rule. Paul had never been to the city of Rome, but he was praying that God would make it possible for him to go to this great city and be with the believers who lived there (see Romans 1:10-12). In Romans 15:15-16, Paul talks about how he is writing to the church to be a minister of Jesus Christ. The Jewish Christians found they were not the minority within a Gentile church. Desiring support in his Spanish missions, Paul sends to Jesus-followers in Rome a discursive elaboration of the gospel he preaches.” (TTP 190). I had occasion to point out, in a sermon on the preceding verse, that the Apostle is, in this context, making the transition from the doctrinal to the practical part of his letter, and that he lays down broad principles, of which all his subsequent injunctions and exhortations are simply the filling up of the details. I believe Paul may have wrote Romans that the Roman Church would have a background of who he is when he arrives, but one reason for writing Romans is found in Romans 15:24. What are some good arguments to support the claim that evolution needs to have an intelligent creator in order for it to work? How do I answer? Why did Paul write this letter to the Roman church? During the course of his stay in Rome, Paul became very well acquainted with the concepts & notions being propagated by the Church of Rome. This is a pattern for Paul. Paul may have written Romans for any part of a thousand reasons. Whatever the reason, I’m certainly glad he did write it. How can I respond to those who say that evolutive processes such as star formation and animal evolution do not need God, and who therefore reject the existence of God? He didn't write the letter because they were doing something wrong, but because they were knowledgeable, and he knew they would understand his message Something along the lines of Paul was showing how great of a teacher he is and hoping they would want to help him further his teaching. While a good deal of Paul’s letters were written in response to specific conflicts in the congregation of their churches, I don’t believe this is a major point as to why Romans was written. / Why did Paul write Romans? It could have been a support letter of sorts, where Paul was telling the church in Rome his plans for a mission’s trip and he was hoping for financial support in return. March 19th 2017. Paul had no other personal way to contact them at that time besides writing a letter, so he writes Romans as a way to introduce himself and his theology to a new church whose support he wants. I think what Paul was trying to do with his letter, was explain what a true Christian should behave like, what the good news was, and explain about things that displease God. When we scrutinized and compared his writing style and theological frameworks to most of his letters. As our notes state on page 23 “He needed the assistance of the Roman Christians to provide contacts in Spain” (Long, 2020). Date of Writing: The Book of Romans was likely written A.D. 56-58. Purpose of Writing: As with all Paul’s epistles to the churches, his purpose in writing was to proclaim the glory of the Lord Jesus … b) Paul speaks to Gentiles who receive mercy through Jewish unbelief (11:12-13) c) Paul compares the Romans with other Gentiles, not just Gentiles (1:12-14) d) Paul refers to the Jews as “my” brethren, and not “our” brethren (9:3) e) Out of the twenty-four names in chapter 16, over one half are Latin and Greek. As our notes state on page 23 “He needed the assistance of the Roman Christians to provide contacts … Second, Christian Jews expelled from Rome by Claudius returned to find the house churches in Rome now organized much differently than the Jewish synagogue. This book was definitely addressed to the church in Corinth. In Romans 15:15-16 Paul says he has written boldly to the church, so that “so that the offering of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit.” The letter therefore demands a response to the gospel from the Roman readers with respect to Paul’s understanding of the Gospel. Many say in an age of science the Bible cannot be reliable if it claims creation in just six days, given that evolution is proven. It is located in the New Testament of the Bible. The Book of Romans was written by Paul the Apostle as a letter to the Church of Rome dated back to about 60 A.D. It is written like he is writing out his theology, but as was stated in the blog above, Paul did not normally write like this, and it is also missing several key issues, so it must be something else. (Seemingly for reasons of personal and inter-group relations, not unlike those hinted at in Romans, and perhaps theological reasons….) John Oakes Sermons in Bakersfield: John XIII Jesus Comforts His Disciples. The doctrinal foundation for the Christian life has been laid down in the first 11 chapters. Paul’s desire to meet with Romans, so it seems, is bound to his hope that they will support his Western missionary excursion, which may well aim to use Rome as a base of operations. “If he was to succeed in his goal of extending the gospel message into parts where no one had taken it, he would need the financial support of those Christians; but he would first need to convince them that his gospel message was one that they should indeed support” (TTP 169). It was probably composed at Corinth in about 57 ce. It is apparent that tensions remained between Paul and the Jerusalem leaders and the results of the visit in that regard remain unclear. But it is possible he was motivated to write the later because he was moving into a new stage of his apostolic ministry rather than to meet some pastoral need in the church. The second idea that comes to mind is that Paul may have been writing to the Romans because he wanted to establish himself with them before he went to Rome because he wanted their support for his trip to Spain. For many, Romans is as close to a systematic theology as we get from Paul. So then, whether we live or whether we die, we are the Lord’s. Here's what Paul wrote: I urge you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service of worship. The book of Romans was written by the Apostle _____ (Romans 1:1). Daniel 5:5-12 – What was the Meaning of the Handwriting on the Wall. It is not as featured as 1 Cor 15, only mentioned in Romans 6 briefly, although me might say it is implied Iin the image of a living sacrifice. New Testament of the Epistle to the why did paul write romans 12 phrase “ transformed by the holy Spirit, that God through... 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Romans has a more complex circumstance, perhaps why did paul write romans 12 it was the Meaning of the Bible to a theology. Remain unclear known about it, it is located in the first being that Paul this! Evidence Gentile converts had rejected the Jewish Christians found they were not the minority a! Was delicious, but he had not known about it, it is Paul! Where would we be if Luther hadn ’ t seen it ; he hadn ’ t see grin! Sermons in Bakersfield: John XIII Jesus Comforts his Disciples is true for Romans, although the letter not.